The researchers found a “dose-response association” between sitting time and increased mortality from all causes and from cardiovascular disease independent of leisure-time physical activity. Most sedentary behaviors involve sitting for extended periods. The results of this study suggest that greater daily time spent sitting in major activities is associated with elevated risks of mortality from all causes and from cardiovascular disease. Meaning that even if patients perform physical activities in their leisure time, it is not enough to offset increased mortality associated with excessive sitting.
Katzmaryk, K. et al. (2009) Sitting Time and
Mortality from all Causes, Cardiovascular
Disease, and Cancer. Medicine and Science in
Sports and Exercise 41(5) p. 998-1005.
Employers are increasingly affected by rising health care costs and epidemic rates of obesity and associated chronic diseases within the workforce. Employers who offer workplace wellness programs can contribute to the overall health and wellbeing of their employees, improve employee productivity and retention, and reduce absenteeism and health care costs. Employees participating in workplace wellness programs can reduce their health risks and serve as health promotion advocates.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Health Enhancement Research Organization, National Business Group on Health, and Wellness Councils of America, best practice program guidelines for wellness programs within the workplace highlight best practices for a comprehensive health promotion program, and describe the opportunities for employees to become wellness advocates.
Soldano, S. K. (2016, August). Workplace Wellness Programs to Promote Cancer Prevention. In Seminars in Oncology Nursing
(Vol. 32, No. 3, pp. 281-290). WB Saunders.
The researchers demonstrate the effectiveness of ergonomic interventions by explaining the cost-benefit analysis of implementation. The reported payback period of the initial investment for an ergonomic program was less than one year. Contributing factors to a quick payback period for ergonomic programs are increased productivity, decreased absenteeism, and less reported injuries.
Goggins, R. (2008) Cost-Benefit measurement of Ergonomic Programs. Journal of Safety Research, 39: 339-344.
In this research review, Macleod (2006) explains 25 ways in which proper ergonomics can save businesses money. He explains that ergonomic programs decrease worker’s compensation cases by 60% to 90% and that businesses should expect to save 25 cents per hour per employee who participate in an ergonomic program. Another benefit of the implementation of an ergonomic program that supports proper posture while performing work-related tasks is increased productivity. According to Macleod, productivity increases 10-15% with the implementation of a postural ergonomic program.
Macleod, D. (2006) 25 Ways Ergonomics can save you money, The Ergonomics Kit for General Industry, Taylor and Francis 2nd Edition.